OpenCDSS / Introduction

This is the documentation for the OpenCDSS project, which is moving software in Colorado's Decision Support Systems (CDSS) to open source projects. The OpenCDSS effort seeks to change the paradigm of how CDSS software is developed, maintained, and supported, in order to encourage a larger software developer and user community to engage in transparent and sustainable software projects.

This introduction page includes the following sections:

How to Use this Documentation

This website provides overview information about the OpenCDSS project. Separate pages are provided discussing important overarching concepts such as software licensing. Each major software component is also described in a separate page.

Use the left navigation menu to access pages in this documentation. Use the right navigation menu to access sections within a page. If the website is viewed in a narrow window or on a mobile device, the navigation features may be shown as icons with associated popup menus.

Colorado's Decision Support Systems

Colorado's Decision Support Systems (CDSS, has been developed to answer important questions about Colorado's water resources. CDSS efforts are led by the Colorado Water Conservation Board (CWCB) and Colorado Division of Water Resources (DWR).

CDSS Website

CDSS has been under development since 1994, with progress occurring via a series of basin decision support systems (DSS), starting with the Colorado River DSS (CRDSS). Other focused DSS were also developed, such as the CWCB's Instream Flow DSS. Each DSS resulted in enhancements to the core CDSS tools, which are envisioned as a general platform of data and tools to help with water supply planning.

In late 2016, the Open Water Foundation began the effort to move StateMod and other CDSS software to open source licensing and establish open source software projects, referred to as "OpenCDSS". The OpenCDSS project is resulting in a significant evolution in how CDSS software development occurs, such as implementing version control with Git/GitHub and modernizing the development environment and documentation.

Project Leadership

OpenCDSS leadership is comprised of State of Colorado agency staff and consultants. Each software project also has a State of Colorado contact, as indicated on the individual product pages, and is supported by software developers that have experience with each tool. Leadership roles are expected to change as the OpenCDSS effort matures and more people become involved and demonstrate an ability to contribute to software.

The OpenCDSS consulting team effort is being led by the Open Water Foundation (see below), with Steve Malers being the lead. Wilson Water Group is a key subcontractor given their experience with CDSS modeling projects.

Each CDSS software tool is being implemented as a separate open source project with one or more GitHub repositories (see the main navigation links on this website to access products). Software developers and State of Colorado staff with appropriate capabilities and interests are associated with each software tool's project. The initial OpenCDSS effort is establishing basic protocols that will be followed on other projects.

OpenCDSS leadership have regular "stand up" meetings/calls to coordinate the project. OpenCDSS efforts are coordinated with other projects such as ArkDSS implementation for the Arkansas Basin and Statewide Water Supply Initiative (SWSI) project.

Open Water Foundation

The Open Water Foundation (OWF, is a nonprofit social enterprise that focuses on developing and supporting open source software to make better decisions about water resources. OWF is providing technical resources and management to transition StateMod and other CDSS software to sustainable open source software projects. OWF staff, in particular Steve Malers, have been involved in CDSS development for many years. Once CDSS software tools are transferred to open source projects, each product will be supported and enhanced based on the team that is focusing on that product.

OpenCDSS Background

The OpenCDSS project grew out of a recognition that the traditional approach to developing and maintaining CDSS software tools was not sustainable. Motivation for change was provided by loss of technical staff at State agencies and consulting companies. Key concerns included:

  1. How will knowledge about CDSS tools be retained?
  2. How will a new (and renewing) generation of CDSS users and developers be established?
  3. How can software be maintained using current professional standards?
  4. How can the cost and human effort of software maintenance be distributed?

Consequently, the concept of "open source CDSS" was identified as an option, with goals similar to many other open source software projects. Although the State of Colorado through its various agencies and programs does create and maintain software, software development is not its primary function, and providing software support to the public and consultants is not a primary role. Consequently, a project was put out to bid, which the Open Water Foundation won. The OpenCDSS project began in October of 2016. Since that time, major tasks have been to manage software in GitHub repositories, create developer documentation, coordinate open source license implementation, and establish governance and culture for open source software projects. It is expected that additional projects will comply with OpenCDSS protocols as software tools are updated, and that OpenCDSS protocols will learn and adapt from project experience.

OpenCDSS Status

The OpenCDSS project has been focusing on fundamental technical and educational issues in order to implement high-quality open source projects. Of particular importance is firming up the sustainability of key modeling tools including StateCU and StateMod.

Significant progress has been made in many areas, including the following (see individual software pages for more information):

  • Determining software licenses see OpenCDSS Licensing:
    • As of March 2018, recommendations are under review.
    • GPL 3.0 has been recommended for most tools.
  • Placing software under version control see OpenCDSS Version Control:
    • Initial efforts are complete and are being used in development.
    • The State has established the OpenCDSS GitHub account to house repositories.
    • The above only provides access to public repositories and until open sources licenses are officially assigned, private repositories are housed by the Open Water Foundation.
    • Some CDSS public repositories are also housed under the Open Water Foundation GitHub account but are being transitioned to the OpenCDSS GitHub account.
  • Implementing new development environments see OpenCDSS Development Environment:
    • Phasing in for each tool.
    • Integrating with version control.
    • Implementing standard workflows for reporting issues and responding with code changes.
  • Implementing tools for documentation see OpenCDSS Documentation:
    • Moving documentation to online format over time (legacy Word/PDF if not migrated).
    • Documentation versions are maintained in GitHub.
  • Implementing tools for testing see OpenCDSS Testing:
    • Being implemented at various levels for different software.
    • This is an ongoing activity given the complexity of software functionality.

There is also a need to integrate OpenCDSS with the core CDSS, such as the State's CDSS website. This will involve activities such as the following:

  1. Link CDSS website to software project GitHub repositories and documentation such as this documentation.
  2. Establish a workflow whereby software enhancements and issues are identified and implemented and product releases are made available on the CDSS website.
  3. Establishing a backlog of software work tasks, such as via the GitHub issues page.
  4. Prioritizing OpenCDSS/CDSS software enhancements across projects using various funding sources, contract vehicles, and human resources.

How to Get Involved

The technical nature of OpenCDSS has required a period of time to determine approach and overcome technical issues. Most issues have been resolved, resulting in protocols and working examples for version control, development environment, documentation, testing, etc., as discussed in other sections of this documentation. The following sections indicate how to get involved with OpenCDSS.

OpenCDSS Leadership

The OpenCDSS leadership (see Project Leadership) is lean by design, with the initial focus on ensuring that core CDSS software products are effectively moved to open source projects. State personnel have also been evaluating how to allocate internal resources to each software tool. As software projects become public there will be opportunities to further evaluate how best to allocate human resources aligned with each software tool. OpenCDSS leadership coordinates with other leadership efforts in State program areas.

Software Development Team

The OpenCDSS project is attempting to implement open source software projects for each major CDSS software component. These tools are complicated and use various technologies. Some OpenCDSS budget is being used to train key personnel how to work in the new development environments. However, the reality is that OpenCDSS budget cannot train everyone that is interested in contributing to software. Like many other open source projects, the burden of learning software development tools will fall on individuals or other projects, with the expectation that software developers have a reasonable skill level to be able to contribute.

A compromise is to use some OpenCDSS resources on development environment documentation so that new developers have context and can learn from documentation prepared by previous developers. Efforts have been made to help increase OpenCDSS knowledge, such as developing the CDSS / Learn Git training materials, and developer manuals for each software tool. Enhancement of documentation, training opportunities, and other educational efforts will continue in the future.

If you are interested in contributing to a software project, engage with the project by using the software, making suggestions via the GitHub issues page for the project, or contributing code via the open source project.

CDSS User Group

OpenCDSS leaders are also interested in forming a "CDSS User Group", which will meet periodically to discuss advances in CDSS tools, provide opportunities to give feedback, provide training, etc. The logistics of this effort are being coordinated with State of Colorado staff. This group will lean on CDSS practitioners to present information and provide feedback. More information will be provided in the future.


The licenses for this documentation and CDSS software are being determined in the OpenCDSS project. More information will be provided soon.

Source Repository on GitHub

The source files for this documentation are maintained in the public GitHub repository: cdss-website-opencdss. Website files currently are copied to the Open Water Foundation OpenCDSS website, and will be copied to State of Colorado server once details are worked out.

Release Notes

See the GitHib repository for this documentation for release notes for this documentation. Release notes for each software application are provided with the software.